The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra the tube that carries urine out of the body. The prostate helps make semen. A biopsy is a procedure used to remove a small piece of tissue or cells from the body so it can be examined under a microscope.
In a prostate biopsy, prostate gland tissue is taken out with a biopsy needle or during surgery. The tissue is checked to see if there are cancer or other abnormal cells in the prostate gland. Transrectal method. This is done through the rectum and is the most common.
Perineal method. This is done through the skin between the scrotum and the rectum. Transurethral method. This is done through the urethra using a cystoscope a flexible tube and viewing device. A prostate biopsy is done after other tests show that there may be a problem with the prostate gland. It is the best method to diagnose prostate cancer. You may have other risks, depending on your condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
You will be asked to sign a consent form that gives your permission to do the procedure. Read the form carefully and ask questions if anything is not clear. Tell TRUS prostata a Samara healthcare provider if you are sensitive to or are allergic to any medicines, latex, tape, and anesthesia.
Make sure your healthcare provider has a list of all medicines prescription and over-the-counter and all herbs, vitamins, and supplements that you are taking. Tell your healthcare provider if you have a history of bleeding disorders or if you are taking any anticoagulant blood-thinning medicines, aspirin, or other medicines that affect blood clotting.
You may need to stop these medicines before the procedure. Generally, no prior preparation, such as fasting or sedation, is needed for the transrectal or perineal method. If the transurethral method is to be used, general anesthesia may be used. If you are to have general anesthesia, you may be told to fast not eat or drink anything before the TRUS prostata a Samara, generally after midnight.
Your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions. If your healthcare provider uses the transrectal method, you may need to use an enema the night before or the morning of the biopsy. You may get a sedative before the procedure to help you relax. Because the sedative may make you drowsy, you will need to arrange for someone to drive you home.
You will most likely get a sedative if your healthcare provider is using the transurethral method. You may start to take antibiotics the day before the biopsy is done and continue them for a few days after it.
This is to help prevent infection. A prostate biopsy is usually done on an outpatient basis. Procedures may vary depending on your condition and your healthcare provider's practices.
This type of biopsy may be done with a local anesthetic to numb the tissue the needle will pass through.
Usually, a transrectal ultrasound TRUS will be used to guide the placement of the biopsy needle. The healthcare provider will use a spring-loaded tool that quickly inserts TRUS prostata a Samara needle through TRUS prostata a Samara wall of the rectum into the prostate gland.
You TRUS prostata a Samara feel discomfort or TRUS prostata a Samara when the needle enters the prostate gland. The needle is put in several times to take tissue samples from different parts of the gland. You will be positioned on your left side, with your knees bent, or lying on your back with your knees bent and thighs apart. You will feel a needle stick when the local anesthetic is injected. This may cause a TRUS prostata a Samara stinging sensation. When the area is TRUS prostata a Samara, the healthcare provider may make a tiny incision cut in the skin.
The healthcare provider will place a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to locate and stabilize the prostate gland. The biopsy needle will be inserted through the incision and into the prostate several times to get samples from different parts of the gland. The biopsy needle will be removed and firm pressure will be applied to the biopsy site until the bleeding has stopped. Sutures are usually not needed. The procedure may be done under a local or general anesthetic. Local anesthetic means medicines are used to make you numb.
General anesthetic means medicines are used to put you into a deep sleep during the procedure. The healthcare provider will insert a cystoscope a flexible tube and TRUS prostata a Samara device into the opening at the end of your penis, through the urethra, and up to the prostate gland.
The healthcare provider will insert tiny instruments through the cystoscope to take out samples of the prostate gland. Your recovery process will vary depending on the type of anesthesia that is used. If you were given general anesthesia, you will be taken to a recovery room for observation. TRUS prostata a Samara your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing are stable and you are alert, you will be TRUS prostata a Samara to your hospital room or discharged to your home.
If local anesthetic was used, you may go back to your normal activities and diet TRUS prostata a Samara otherwise instructed. You may feel the urge to urinate or have a bowel movement after the biopsy. This feeling should pass after a few hours. There may be blood in your urine or stool for a few days after the biopsy. This is common. Blood, either red or reddish brown, may also be in your ejaculate for a few weeks after the biopsy.
This, too, is normal. The biopsy site may be tender or sore for several days after the biopsy. Take a pain reliever for soreness as recommended by your healthcare provider. Aspirin or certain other pain medicines may increase the chance of bleeding, so be sure to take only recommended medicines. Changes in the way your urine looks or smells or burning with urination may be signs of infection. One to two times per month, Virtual Advisors receive a link to short, interactive surveys. All responses are confidential.
Health Home Treatments, Tests and Therapies. A prostate biopsy may be done in several different ways: Transrectal method. Ultrasound is usually used to look at the prostate gland and guide the biopsy needle.
Why might I need a prostate biopsy? There may be other reasons for your healthcare provider to recommend a prostate biopsy. What are the risks of a prostate biopsy? Some possible complications TRUS prostata a Samara a prostate biopsy may include: Bruising and discomfort at the biopsy site Bleeding Infection Trouble urinating You may TRUS prostata a Samara other risks, depending on your condition.
How do I get ready for a prostate biopsy? Some things you can expect before a prostate biopsy include: Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure and you can ask questions. Follow any other instructions your healthcare provider gives you to get ready. What happens during a prostate biopsy? Generally, a prostate biopsy follows one of these processes: Transrectal method You will remove your clothing and put on a hospital gown. You will be positioned on TRUS prostata a Samara left side, with your knees bent.
The prostate tissue samples will be sent to the lab for exam. Perineal method You will remove your clothing and put on a hospital gown. The skin between your scrotum TRUS prostata a Samara rectum will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution.
Transurethral method You will remove your clothing and put on a hospital gown. You will be positioned on your back with knees bent and thighs apart. The cystoscope will be removed. What happens after a prostate biopsy? Your thoughts matter to us. Join our community today. Join Us. Learn more first. Related Topics Screening and Diagnostics Biopsies.